By the Honorable Dr. Alan Granby
|And having fitted well our ship To pass Cape Horn again, Each man then, fore and aft the ship, Scrimshauning did begin. Then knitting sheaths and jagging knives Were cut in every form, And other trinkets for the girls, As presents from Cape Horn.2 — From a whaler’s journal, 1820–1823 voyage|
The practice of engraving on or carving artifacts made of whale bone, sperm whale teeth, walrus tusks, baleen, and other material remnants of the whaling industry in the nineteenth century is known as the art of scrimshaw. When the whalemen were not involved in the process of actively hunting whales, transforming whale fat into oil, or doing routine maintenance on the vessel, they would carve and engrave a variety of artifacts, including those that had practical and ornamental purposes.
Whalers, more so than other mariners, were responsible for the creation of their own forms of literature, song, and art. By the middle of the nineteenth century, whalers had developed the stylistic conventions and technical skills that distinguished scrimshaw as a distinct occupational handcraft genre.1 Whalers who were resourceful utilized basic instruments such as needles or jack knives to carve the teeth or bone.
They then added substances like as lampblack, ink, and sealing wax, which, when wiped off, darkened the etched lines. There was a wide variety of scrimshaw items available, ranging from straightforward engravings to intricately designed ornate creations that took years to complete.
- These delicate and spectacular sculptures were frequently crafted as presents for loved ones remaining at home, and they also served as personal keepsakes of certain journeys.
- In addition to their aesthetic value, the artifacts created with scrimshaw give important documentation and insight into the lifestyle of whalers.
At the Cahoon Museum of American Art in Cotuit, Massachusetts, there is an exhibition titled “Scrimshaw: the Whaler’s Art.” This exhibition explores the unexpected history of this one-of-a-kind art form via the tales of the people who made and received these beautifully drawn souvenirs.
More than two hundred significant specimens of a wide variety of ornamental and utilitarian artifacts that suggest ties to historic life on Cape Cod, Nantucket, and New Bedford are featured in the show. Works by well-known scrimshanders such as Caleb Alboro, Edward Burdett, Nathaniel Finney, William Gilpin, Frederick Myrick, William Lewis Roderick, Banknote Engraver, and other anonymous scrimshanders are featured in this collection.
The Nantucket whaleman Edward Burdett (1805–1833) is credited for carving a whale’s tooth with a scrimshaw design while serving aboard the ship Japan of Nantucket between the years 1825 and 1829. The tooth is now on exhibit in public for the first time.
|Nathaniel Sylvester Finney (1813–1879), Civic Heroes of the American Revolution, 1857. Whale panbone, metal, wood, pigment, L.42¼, W.15, D.7½ in. Collection of and image courtesy of Mariners’ Museum and Park (1933.0134.000001).|
It is possible that Nathaniel Sylvester Finney is the first former whaler to have transitioned into a professional scrimshander after leaving the whaling industry. His depictions of important historical individuals from the American Revolution demonstrate the range of his expertise and have earned him a reputation as one of the pictorial painters with the highest level of technical accomplishment.
Records of his travels show that he served as second mate on the Bramin, second mate on the Rodman, and first mate on the Bartholomew Gosnold, all of which set sail from the port of New Bedford. He was born in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Beginning in the late 1860s, he established a residence in San Francisco, operating a business out of a store on Meiggs Wharf.
This was a bustling neighborhood that was packed with nautical and curiosity shops, and it was referred to as a “lounging haven for old seafarers.” In the year 1857, this enormous engraved panbone, also known as a part from a sperm whale’s jaw, was published in the New Bedford Republican Standard as well as the San Francisco Bulletin.
|Attributed to Edward Burdett (1805-1833), Whaleship Japan of Nantucket Homeward Bound to the USA, ca.1825–1829. Sperm whale tooth, pigment.L.5¾ in. Private collection. Image courtesy of Eldred’s Auction Gallery.|
Edward Burdett was the son of a well-known merchant marine captain and was born on the island of Nantucket. When he was seventeen years old, he embarked on his maiden journey aboard the ship Foster, which was commanded by Shubael Chase. Burdett was on his final expedition in 1833 aboard the Nantucket whale ship Montano when he became caught in the line while pursuing a harpooned whale.
- He was tugged overboard and eventually perished after being pulled overboard by the crew.
- In the nineteenth century, it was rather uncommon for people to pass away while working on American whale ships; nevertheless, very few of these deaths were the result of whale attacks or occurred while the whales were being pursued.
This terrible catastrophe was a striking departure from the norm. In addition to that, Burdett was a skilled scrimshaw maker. In this particular instance, demonstrating skilled attention to the ship’s details, rather than incising the lines of his design, Burdett gouged out the surface of the ivory in certain areas, which resulted in a more potent image.
- This was done in order to demonstrate the ship’s ability to withstand the elements.
- It has never been shown to the general public before, despite the fact that it is a wonderful picture of a moment of life at sea and the business of whaling.
- It is considered to be the first example of a scrimshaw tooth by Burdett, and as he was one of the early American scrimshanders, this engraved whale tooth is likely the oldest known specimen of American scrimshaw.
The engraving reads: “JAPAN – Bound to the USA.” The history of the teeth was recently recorded in an essay written by Paul Vardeman, who is known for his expertise in scrimshaw and is also a historian.
|Attributed to Britannia Engraver, The Ship Charles of London, second quarter 19th century. Sperm whale tooth, pigment.L.5¼ in. Private collection. Image courtesy of Eldred’s Auction Gallery.|
The British scrimshander known as Britannia Engraver is said to have been among the earliest whalemen scrimshaw artists. This tooth is credited to Britannia Engraver because of its imaginative design and daring execution. It is etched with the name of the ship Charles of London.
- It is possible that British seafarers working in the London South Sea sperm whale fishery immediately after the Napoleonic Wars were the ones who introduced the technique of engraving images on sperm whale teeth.
- On one side of the tooth is a carving that shows a whaling expedition in progress, complete with a sperm whale ramming a whale boat and sending harpoons, lances, a water cask, and four whalemen flying through the air.
Above the waterline, the Britannia Engraver gave the whale’s tail a relief carving in black, while the rest of the whale’s form was left uncolored below the surface of the sea. The image depicts a total of eight whales in addition to the stern of a whaleboat that is racing toward one of the whales.
|Frederick Stiles Jewett (1819–1864), Ship Huntress Off Cape of Good Hope, ca.1850. Oil on canvas, 59 x 35 inches. Collection of and image from a private collection.|
Frederick Stiles Jewett, an artist from Connecticut, spent his early career aboard whaling ships. During the latter seven years of his life, he focused on painting scenes from the ocean. In this gripping picture from the history of whaling, a giant sperm whale is shown battling for its life as a whaleboat that is far smaller than it approaches for the kill.
- The mate is stationed in the bow of the ship, where he waits with his lance ready to pierce the whale’s lungs.
- The flaming colors of the sunset reflect on the bloodied waves, marking the end of the day’s labor and the symbolic death of the whale.
- The deep red tones of the whale’s blood spewing are repeated in the fiery colors of the sunset, which reflect on the waves.
The paint was applied in a gestural manner in the sea and sky, which is a technique that was popularized by the British painter J.M.W. Turner, whose work Jewett studied while traveling around Europe. The whale ship Huntress from New Bedford, which operated several trips in the waters off the coast of South Africa, is seen approaching from the right.
|James Adolphus Bute (ca.1799–mid-19th century), Darwin Expedition, ca.1831–1836. Whale tooth, pigment.L.7 in. Private collection. Image courtesy of Eldred’s Auction House.|
During the voyage that Charles Darwin led aboard the H.M.S. Beagle, the Englishman James Adolphus Bute etched this scrimshaw tooth. Bute was born around the year 1799, and he entered the Royal Navy around the year 1819. It was common practice in England for whalers to also serve in the navy, and it’s possible that Bute was first exposed to scrimshaw while he was serving on a whaling vessel in between tours of duty on military boats.
- Bute is one of six crew men named as royal marines in Syms Covington’s diary, which the aide to Charles Darwin, Syms Covington, kept on his second trip aboard the Beagle (1831–1836).
- The book was kept by Syms Covington.
- In the year 1831, Captain Robert FitzRoy was in charge of the expedition that set sail on the Beagle from Plymouth Sound.
In spite of the fact that the Beagle’s voyage was supposed to run for a total of two years, it did not return until the year 1836. According to published reports of the journey, the Beagle was hauled ashore in an estuary of the Rio Santa Cruz in Argentina at the beginning of April 1834 for the purpose of receiving repairs.
- While the boats were being repaired, Darwin and the other men continued their exploration farther upriver, despite the fact that they had to drag the boats with them for the most of the voyage.
- These two occurrences are shown on the tooth in different ways.
- These events were also shown in two paintings by Conrad Martens, the official artist aboard the Beagle.
These drawings are a mirror reflection of the pictures found on the tooth. It is conceivable that Bute was influenced by or cooperated with the artist Martens in the creation of his pieces of scrimshaw due to the parallels between their respective bodies of work, which can be seen by comparing the works of Bute and Martens.
|Pie crimper, 19th century. Whale bone, baleen, copper pin.L.8½, W.4¾, D. ¾ in. Collection of and image courtesy of Heritage Museums and Gardens (1972.6.8).|
Crimpers for pies and pastries, also known as jagging wheels, were traditionally used to seal the edges of pies and pastries (most pies in the nineteenth century were savory and contained meat and sauces). Ornate pie crimpers had intricately curved handles and other distinguishing elements, in contrast to the straightforward design of ordinary pie crimpers, which featured straight handles and plain, thin-bladed wheels with a jagged edge for cutting fluted edges into pie dough.
|Polychrome Whale’s Tooth Depicting Alwilda, the Female Pirate, mid-19th century. Whale tooth, pigment.L.6 ½ in. Private collection. Image courtesy Eldred’s Auction Gallery.|
This tooth depicts the female pirate Alwilda wielding a sword over her head while wearing a stunning checkered skirt and concealing a dagger and pistol in her sash. The tooth also has a knife and handgun tucked inside her sash. Alwilda was supposedly the royal daughter of a Scandinavian monarch, at least according to one mythology.
- Her overprotective father put his lovely daughter, who was still a child at the time, in a tower that was full with snakes so that men would stay away from her.
- After the Prince of Denmark was victorious over the snakes, the King of Denmark gave his consent to the Prince’s marriage proposal.
- On the other hand, Alwilda had no intention of following the rules.
Alwilda managed to escape with the assistance of her mother and joined a gang of other female sailors who pretended to be male. They conspired together to take control of a ship, and Alwilda was chosen to be their captain. As the prince pursued Alwilda, he boarded her ship and slaughtered most of the crew before turning his attention to the captain.
|Captain Henry Daggett, Yarn swift with storage box, 1834. Whalebone, silver, wood, 23½ inches high. Private collection.|
Since yarn swifts involved complicated engineering and the meticulous cutting, polishing, and assembly of hundreds of linked pieces, they are frequently considered to be the pinnacle of the craft of scrimshaw producers. This is because yarn swifts needed a lot of work.
- In order to prevent the yarn from becoming tangled when knitting, swifts were utilized to wind it into balls from its original skein form.
- It is reported that whalemen who created swifts at sea spent two to three years producing them, making them the most valuable of scrimshaw gifts.
- These gifts were often designed for a sweetheart or wife.
The swift that has been displayed here is an excellent illustration of design, aesthetics, and execution. Captain Henry Daggett was the one who came up with the idea (1811-1873). His legacy will be remembered for the scrimshaw swifts he carved while he was at sea, despite the fact that he participated in a number of whaling expeditions.
- This swift was produced by Daggett for Caroline Mayhew (1800-1880) on the occasion of her marriage to Capt.
- William Mayhew, Jr.
- (1798-1855), a fellow whaling master and neighbor of Daggett’s on Martha’s Vineyard.
- On the front of the hardwood storage box bears a whale ivory heart etched with a man and woman dressed formally, representing the bride and groom.
This representation of the pair can be seen on the front of the box.4
|Scrimshaw tub, 19th century. Whale bone, baleen. Collection of and image from a private collection.|
This vessel is made out of a scrimshaw base plate and numerous staves. It has intricately carved handles in the shape of hearts, a scalloped edge ornamentation, and is tied with baleen hoops. Although it was crafted at sea, it would have been put to use on land, where the maker’s home was, for washing clothing and linens.
|Attributed to Manuel Silvia (n.d.), Whale Ivory Trinket Box in Shape of Ship Hull, ca.1860–1870s.H.1½, W.6¼, D.1½ in. Collection of and image from the Nantucket Historical Association (1991.0496.001).|
Manuel Sylvia, a whaleman from the Azores who occasionally served aboard vessels based in New Bedford, is credited with being the builder of this whale ivory trinket box. A whale tooth served as the primary material in the creation of this magnificent treasure chest.
- The hull is adorned with six scrimshawed cannons on each side, and the lid is covered with an intricate colorful scrimshaw design of roses and foliage.
- The word “FLORINDA” is engraved on the quarterboard.
- Florinda was the scrimshander’s wife and lived from 1840 till 1906.
- She was born on the island of St.
George in the Azores, and in 1864 she tied the knot with Sylvia in New Bedford. In the year 1873, she submitted a petition to the probate authorities in Fall River in order to sell a parcel of land in New Bedford that was owned by her husband. At the time, he was out at sea on a whaling expedition, and she had not heard from him “directly or indirectly” for the previous four years.
|Carved Scrimshaw Cane with Inlay, mid-19th century. Whale ivory, whale bone.L.35 in. Private collection. Image courtesy Eldred’s Auction Gallery.|
On board whale ships, several varieties of canes were manufactured. Cane made of whale ivory and whalebone that is carved, scrimshawed, and inlaid with various designs is an excellent example of skilled craftsmanship. The scrimshander made the handle out of whale ivory to seem like a fist clutching a snake (the human fist was a typical pattern); the snake is wrapped around the hand and wrist above a shirtsleeve, and it is finished with engraved trim and affixed buttons.
The human fist was a common motif. The eyes of the snake are inlaid, and it has a mouth that is forked and deeply carved scales. The shaft of the cane is made of whalebone and has been tapered. It has been inlaid with shell in a design that resembles saw teeth and tassels, as well as silver metal inlays that look like a harpoon and a lance.
In the nineteenth century, canes were not only used for support and stability, but also as a fashion accessory.
|Polychrome scrimshaw whale’s tooth, mid-19th century. Whale tooth, pigment.H.6 in. Private collection. Image courtesy of Eldred’s Auction Gallery.|
Images of eagles, American flags, and personifications of concepts such as Hope, Liberty, and Justice may be found throughout the history of American scrimshaw. These patriotic motifs have been present throughout the history of scrimshaw. On this vibrantly etched tooth is a picture of an eagle with its wings extended, holding in its talons a red, white, and blue shield, and holding in its beak a red, white, and blue banner.
A flag of the United States with twelve stars wraps around the tooth approximately halfway. The wings of the eagle, which are covered in feathers that are intricately crafted, extend nearly all the way around the circle.1. Stuart M. Frank, “Ingenious Contrivances, Curiously Carved: Scrimshaw in the New Bedford Whaling Museum,” published by the New Bedford Whaling Museum in 2012, pages 15–17.2.
Excerpt from the private diary of whaler Charles Murphey, “A Journal of a Whaling Journey on Board Ship Dauphin of Nantucket,” which was published in 1877. This passage is from a voyage that took place between 1820 and 1823.3. Frank, Dictionary of Scrimshaw Artists, Mystic, Connecticut: Mystic Seaport Museum, 1991, page 24.4.
- When Caroline was a little girl, she attended school and learned how to navigate in addition to painting, stitching, and “use of the globe.” As was the case with Caroline, it was not unheard of for wives to join their whaler husbands on their hunts.
- Together, Caroline and William went on three hunts for whales throughout their time together.
During the last journey, William and eight other crewmen contracted smallpox. Caroline, the daughter of a physician, not only nursed them back to health but also aided with navigation while William was unable to do it himself. Scrimshaw: The Whaler’s Art is an exhibition that will be shown at the Cahoon Museum of American Art in Cotuit, Massachusetts, beginning on June 29 and continuing through October 30 of the following year, 2022.
- In conjunction with the show, a companion catalog titled Wandering Whalemen and Their Art: A Collection of Scrimshaw Masterpieces will be available.
- Written by Dr.
- Alan Granby, with an introduction written by Dr. Stuart M.
- Frank, a scrimshaw expert who is known across the world.
- This book has a total of 376 pages and may be purchased at the cahoonmuseum.org/visit/museum-shop/.
Visit the website cahoonmuseum.org/event-calendar/ for more information on the exhibition and the accompanying programming.
- 1 What is a scrimshaw artist called?
- 2 What’s another word for scrimshaw?
- 3 Is whale ivory legal?
- 4 Is it illegal to sell scrimshaw?
- 5 Is whale bone valuable?
What is scrimshaw artwork?
The art of scrimshaw involves carving imaginative patterns into bone or ivory artifacts, such as whale’s teeth or walrus tusks, and then decorating them. The patterns, which were created by whale fisherman of American and Anglo-American descent, were carved using either a jackknife or a sail needle, and then black paints, most often lampblack, were used to highlight the motifs.
- Whaling scenes, whaling ships, naval warfare, frigates, brigs, sailors’ sweethearts, bouquets of flowers, Masonic insignia, coats of arms, and the Irish harp are some of the themes that are shown in the paintings.
- The first known examples date back to the late 17th century, although the years 1830–1850 are considered to be the golden age of the craft.
There are still whalers who use the scribshaw technique, such as the Chukchi of Siberia and the Eskimos of Siberia and Alaska. Amy Tikkanen was the one who made the most recent changes and updates to this article.
What is a scrimshaw artist called?
What Is Scrimshaw? | Definition – Scrimshaw is a type of carving that was traditionally done in the 1800s by the crews of deepwater whaling vessels. And during that time period, no other nation had a greater number of whaling ships in operation than the United States of America.
In the year 1846, for example, the United States had approximately 640 whaling ships, which was approximately three times as many as all of the other countries in the world combined. This is one of the reasons why scrimshaw is often considered to be an indigenous American art form. In fact, it is the only indigenous American art form that does not use Native American handwork.
What then is it that sets scrimshaw apart from simple whittling? It all boils down to having a connection to the sea, according to E. Norman Flayderman’s book Scrimshaw and Scrimshanders. Historically speaking, scrimshaw artists, also known as “scrimshanders,” were those who earned their living on the sea, such as whalemen, sailors, or other seafarers.
What is real scrimshaw?
Context: What is meant by the term “scrimshaw”? Although the term has been used to refer to a variety of things over the course of its history, it is most commonly used today to refer to hand-carved sculptures made of whalebone, whale teeth, or walrus tusks, or sceneries etched on those materials.
- Additionally, it can be used to any object that was created by sailors, such as corset busks (stiffeners) made of baleen or dippers made from coconut shells.
- The practice of carving on bone dates back to the stone age; nevertheless, the art form reached its zenith in the 18th century, notably as a result of extended whaling expeditions undertaken by the United States that lasted at least three years.
During the 19th century, the practice began to lose popularity on board ship, but retired sailors kept the skill alive on land by practicing it using increasingly sophisticated methods. Although the United States placed a prohibition on the importation of items derived from whales in 1973 in an effort to protect endangered animals, contemporary scrimshaw is still being created by artists.
What is scrimshaw worth?
|Scrimshaw Sperm-Whale Tooth. Shubael S. Spooner; Circa 1830–1850. Kendall Collection. Courtesy of New Bedford Whaling Museum. Photography by Hayato Sakurai. The scene of “Domestic Happiness” on this 7 3/4-inch tooth was engraved by a sailor on the whaling ship Ceres. For years, scrimshaw dealers and collectors have referred to this sailor as the “Ceres Artisan. ” Stuart M. Frank, director of the Kendall Institute at the New Bedford Whaling Museum, says recent research suggests that there were five different “Ceres Artisans” and that this example was made by Shubael S. Spooner, whaling master of Fairhaven and New Bedford from 1832–1859. Dealer Nina Hellman says that in the early 1990s, “Ceres” teeth sold for $8,000–$9,000, but that a similar example to the one illustrated here sold last year for $48,000.|
Sailors have, for a long time, been given a reputation for being skilled storytellers. In the 1800s, when American whaling was at its peak, a magnificent group of whalers etched their tales into whalebone and the ivory teeth of whales, creating visuals that are actually worth a thousand times as much as the words they use to describe them.
- These works, which are all grouped together and referred to as scrimshaw, are now considered some of the most highly collectable items of maritime antiquities.
- According to antiques dealer Nina Hellman of Nina Hellman Marine Antiques on Nantucket, Massachusetts, scrimshaw can come in a variety of shapes, from pie crimpers to corset busks; nevertheless, whale’s teeth are among the most sought after types of scrimshaw.
The value of scrimshaw may range from less than one thousand dollars to more than seventy-five thousand dollars, and continuous scholarship is raising both the attention of collectors and the values of scrimshaw. For the purpose of giving as presents, scrimshaw teeth portray scenes of whaling, ships, ladies, patriotic symbols, and peaceful homesteads.
- These pictures were considered to be the most valuable to a sailor.
- According to Hellman, “whaling sceneries are among the most coveted topics,” and the value of an item will improve if the creator of the item can be recognized.
- Recently, at a private auction, a “Susan’s Tooth” sold for seventy-five thousand dollars.
This designation is given to the thirty-six teeth that were engraved by Nantucket whaleman Frederick Myrick (1808–1862) while he was aboard the ship Susan between the months of December 1828 and September 1829. Myrick’s engravings were done between the months of December 1828 and September 1829.
|Scrimshaw Sperm-Whale Tooth. Anonymous scrimshander. Circa 1840–1860. Kendall Collection. Courtesy of New Bedford Whaling Museum. Photography by M. Zilberstein. The polychrome whaling scene on this 4 1/2-inch tooth was engraved by an anonymous American whaleman in the mid-1800s. Whaling scenes are the most desirable images on scrimshaw teeth. Examples similar to this sell for around $6,500, says dealer Nina Hellman, while a 5-inch tooth with a nice floral decoration would have a value of $800–$1,200.|
According to Hellman, in some instances the work of a scrimshander, which is the term used to refer to artists working in the medium, may be identified even when the artist’s name is unknown. She explains that there are teeth by the “Eagle Portraitist,” the “Banknote Engraver,” and the “Ceres Artisan,” and that such teeth have been selling for as much as $30,000–$50,000.
- “There are teeth by the “Eagle Portraitist,” the “Banknote Engraver,” and the “Ceres Artisan,” she claims.
- As a result of the research that is being conducted by specialists such as Stuart M.
- Frank, who is the director of the Kendall Institute at the New Bedford Whaling Museum, and his colleague Donald E.
Ridley, more scrimshaw artists are being found, and the value of their works is rising. Scrimshaw teeth created by the Nantucket whaleman Edward Burdett (1805–1833) are a good example of this. One of these teeth was recently rediscovered on an episode of the Antiques Roadshow on PBS, and according to Frank, “it was as if a signed Rembrandt had been uncovered.” Frank placed a tooth that was etched by Burdett in the same value category as a tooth that was engraved by Myrick for Susan’s Tooth.
- To make a scrimshaw tooth needed a lot of expertise, as well as patience, and there were multiple procedures involved.
- In a typical procedure, the tooth would first be drawn with pencil or ink on paper, then the drawing would be laid on top of the tooth, and pinholes would be poked through the drawing to create an outline on the tooth.
Next, a sailor would use a sharp knife to carve the drawing into the teeth, and finally, he would fill the grooves and indentations with black or colored pigments. This was the final step in the process. It wasn’t until fairly recently that engraved scrimshaw teeth became a sought-after object for collectors, despite the fact that they symbolize a unique blend of creativity and romance.
- Many researchers and scrimshaw dealers believe that John F.
- Kennedy’s passion for the art form was the impetus that led to a popular interest in collecting it.
- There are numerous publications available on the subject for buyers in today’s market, and a trip to the scrimshaw collections at any one of the five institutions listed below is sure to be enlightening: The New Bedford Whaling Museum in New Bedford, Massachusetts (which also houses the Kendall Collection), the Nantucket Historical Association in Nantucket, Massachusetts, the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts, the Mystic Seaport in Mystic, Connecticut, and the South Street Seaport in New York City are some of the maritime museums in the area.
The Kendall Institute will be holding its yearly Scrimshaw Collectors’ Weekend on the 28th through the 30th of June. Please visit the Whaling Museum’s website at www.whalingmuseum.org for further details.
What’s another word for scrimshaw?
Other terms that are interchangeable: – Other pertinent words (noun): Etch, clipping, slide, engrave, inscribe, score, scratch, scribe, carve, incise, Enchase, mark, chase, grave, and sculpture are some of the terms used to describe the process of making a mark on anything.
Schizosaccharomyces, shoring, square inch, scraunch, sermonise, serranus, serinus, and serinus are some of the words that come to mind. s wrench, scouring, shirring, shrewmouse, scurrying, scrounge, scrimmage, scaramouche, swearing, skirmish, sour mash whiskey, soaring, sharing, squareness, sure enough, sugariness, saccharomyces, sorrowing, screaming, surmise, soaring, sharing, squareness, sure enough, sugariness, saccharomyces, sorrowing, screaming, Syringa Josikaea , scrummage, sereness, shrinkage, shrink, sorriness, squirming, shrunk, sour mash, sermonize, sureness, soreness, scrawniness, scoring, scrunch, sour orange, sarong, sarong, scrummage, sereness, shrinkage, shrink, sorriness, squirming, shrunk, sour orange, s Saccharum Munja, scranch, screw wrench, swaggering, syringa, syringe, sure-enough, shearing, secureness, souring, and sourness are some of the terms that are associated with this word.
Syringa Josikea, screening, screwing, sourness, scaramouch, syrinx, and sayornis are some of the words associated with this disease.
How can you tell if something is scrimshaw?
The “Hot Pin Test” is a method for determining the overall quality of a piece. In the event that you do not have a magnifying glass on hand, you may rapidly determine whether or not your item is genuine by using what is known as the “hot pin test.” To carry out this test, first bring a pin to a temperature that is almost as high as the temperature of the sun, and then touch the pin to an area of the object that is not very noticeable.
Is whale ivory legal?
The Regulation of Ivory There are a number of federal laws that regulate ivory, and recently, several states have also implemented legislation regulating ivory. The purchase and sale of ivory from walruses and narwhals that was owned before to the passage of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 is permitted under federal law.
In accordance with an exception to the Mammal Protection Act, indigenous people in Alaska are permitted to kill walrus and engage in activities using walrus ivory. You may learn more about the ivory legislation in your state by doing a search on Google. Because of the prohibition in their state, no merchandise containing ivory will be transported to New Jersey.
As a result of the laws of New York state, no mammoth ivory will be brought into the state. We DO NOT transport Whale Teeth anywhere outside of the state of Washington. Due to restrictions imposed by federal legislation, we are unable to export any products containing walrus, narwhal, hippo, or whale ivory.
The same is true for polar bear fur. If you live outside of the United States and are interested in purchasing mammoth ivory, you should check the laws of your nation to see whether or not it is legal for you to import this prehistoric substance. Visit the Federal Writers’ Service website at https://www.fws.gov/ for further information on federal legislation.
Because to the passage of Initiative 1401 at the polls in Washington state, it is now against the law to acquire or sell elephant ivory that was legally imported prior to the prohibition. This restriction took effect in December 2015. Before the legislation went into effect in December 2015, we sold every single piece of elephant ivory that we had in stock.
Where can I sell scrimshaw?
Step 3: If the piece’s provenance or the previous search results have led you to assume that your scrimshaw is precious, was fashioned of whale ivory, or dates back to before 1910, you should seek the advice of an expert in American art. It is required that you have your scrimshaw authenticated by a reputable art auction house if you intend to sell it.
Are whale bones ivory?
Ivory is a dense, white substance that is derived from the tusks (often those of elephants) and teeth of animals. It is mostly composed of dentine, which is one of the components that makes up the teeth and tusks. No of the kind of mammal from which they originate, the teeth and tusks of these animals always have the same chemical structure.
- Ivory is a term that can be correctly used to describe any mammalian teeth or tusks that are of commercial interest and are large enough to be carved or scrimshawed.
- Since the trade in certain teeth and tusks other than those of elephants is well established and widespread, the term “ivory” can be used to describe any mammalian teeth or tusks other than those of elephants.
Ivory may be manufactured synthetically, in addition to being generated naturally, and as a result, unlike genuine ivory, synthetic ivory does not require the material to be reclaimed from animals. Like ivory, tagua nuts may be carved into intricate designs.
- The commerce of completed goods made of ivory materials may be traced back to its beginnings in the Indus Valley.
- Ivory is a primary commodity that may be found in abundant supply and was utilized throughout the Harappan civilisation for commercial purposes.
- Finished ivory goods such as kohl sticks, pins, awls, hooks, toggles, combs, game pieces, dice, inlay, and other personal decorations were discovered in Harappan sites.
Ivory has been prized as a material for use in the creation of works of art and manufactured goods since ancient times. Ivory has been used to make anything from ivory sculptures to fake teeth, piano keys, fans, and dominoes. The most valuable supply of ivory comes from elephants, although other animals such as mammoths, walruses, hippopotamuses, sperm whales, orcas, and narwhals are also hunted and killed for their tusks.
Is it illegal to sell scrimshaw?
Where can I find out more information on scrimshaw-decorated and -carved whale’s teeth and walrus tusks, as well as other things that have been fashioned from whalebone, ivory, and other natural materials? In addition, with reference to the Endangered Species Act, how am I supposed to figure out which items are acceptable to purchase? Reproductions and forgeries are another issue that worries me.
A- For individuals who are interested in scrimshaw and collect it, a brand new publication called Whalebone is being released on a bimonthly basis. You may order it for $36 each year by sending your request to Box 2834, Fairfax, Virginia 22031. At eight o’clock on April 24 at the Niles Historical Society, located at 8970 North Milwaukee Avenue, Glen E.
Wills will give a presentation titled “Scrimshaw: America’s Oldest Folk Art” and explore tall ships. Howlite is a sort of stone that is extracted from borax deposits in the California desert, and this mineral is what Wills uses to make his one-of-a-kind scrimshaw sculptures.
- Wills may take bespoke orders and special requests by mail at the following address: 8323 N.
- Oleander Ave., Niles, Illinois 60648.
- At the specialized Marine Antiques auctions that are put on periodically by Richard A.
- Bourne Co.
- Inc., Box 141, Hyannis Port, Massachusetts 02647, you can find magnificent antique scrimshaw items that have been fashioned from whalebone and ivory.
You can also find scrimshaw-decorated whale’s teeth at these auctions. Illustrations may be found in the catalogs, and bids can be placed over the phone or over the mail (617-775-0797). Any scrimshaw object that can be proven to be at least one hundred years old may be sold over state lines under the Endangered Species Act.
- Any other scrimshaw item may not be sold across state lines.
- It is common for beginners to be fooled by reproductions, copies, and fraudulent scrimshaw objects.
- Because of this, it is highly recommended that you obtain a documented receipt from a dealer or seller that states the age of the artwork as well as its authenticity.
The book “The Complete Collector’s Guide to Fakes and Forgeries,” written by Colin Haynes and available through Wallace-Homestead Book Co. at 201 King of Prussia Rd., Radnor, Pennsylvania 19089 for $14.95 plus $2.50 in postage, has information on how to identify fakes (phone 800-638-3822).
- The 1950s were the decade in which both my spouse and I came of age and first fell in love.
- Q: With the help of a jukebox from the 1950s, we want to relive those simpler times.
- Where exactly can we find one of these? The World’s Biggest Ever Chicagoland Antiques Advertising, Slot Machine and Jukebox Show and Sale will be held from 10 a.m.
to 6 p.m. on April 29 and from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. on April 30 at the Pheasant Run Mega Center on Ill. Hwy.64, 2 1/2 miles west of Ill. Hwy.59 in St. Charles. You will find vintage pinball, vending and slot machines The cost of admission is $4. Q-I have some Nippon china.
Can you bring me in touch with people that are interested in collecting or purchasing? A-Write to the International Nippon Collectors’ Club at the following address: 22 Milpond, North Andover, Massachusetts 01845, Attention: President Lee Call If you wish to communicate with collectors or learn more about club membership.
Terrie Kempe, who is a Nippon dealer in Riverside, may be reached at (951) 442-1701. I am curious in the value of ‘Star Wars’ memorabilia and trading cards, and I would need some further information on this topic. Send in your request for a copy of the second edition of the “Price Guide to Star Trek and Star Wars Collectibles,” which was written by Sue Cornwell and Mike Kott and can be purchased for $9.95 postpaid from the House of Collectibles at 201 East 50th Street in New York City, New York 10022.
(phone 800-638-6460). The book claims that the price range for a ‘Star Wars’ video arcade game that was manufactured by Parker Bros. in 1984 is between $400 and $1,000. Does anyone know of a group that brings together people who collect mouse figurines, books, and other mouse-related items? A-Publications that feature Mickey Mouse include the Mouse Club, which costs $22 per year and can be obtained by writing to 2056 Cirone Way, San Jose, California 95124; and Fantasy Line, which can be obtained by writing to National Fantasy Fan Club, Box 19212, Irvine, California 92713; both of these publications cost $15 per year.
Whales and ‘whalebone’ in fashion
You may reach Noreda Eckel at 14510 Antelope Dr., Sun City West, Arizona 85375 if you are interested in purchasing any of her more than 10,000 mouse collections (phone 602-584-1196). Q: Is there a place from where it is possible to purchase replacement components for antiquated and outmoded home appliances that are used in the kitchen? Mar-Beck Small Appliance Service Co., located at 8223 Wornall Rd., Kansas City, Missouri 64114, is a source for A-replacement parts for older small appliances manufactured by well-known brand names (phone 816-523-6931).
Barbara Jacobs is interested in purchasing a Mr. Mix It malt-maker from the 1970s or 1980s. It is made of plastic and features the head of a clown that looks like it may be used to chop nuts. Jacobs may be reached at the following address: 1 S. Lincoln Ave., Carpentersville, Illinois 60110. – – When responding to the sources listed in this column, you are required to send a self-addressed and postage-paid envelope for answers.
This is due to the high number of responses. You may get in touch with Anita Gold by sending a letter to The Chicago Tribune located at 435 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60611. But the mail volume prohibits a personal response.
Is whale bone valuable?
Are you contemplating bringing some whalebone into the house? Don’t do it. On the Island, authorities looked into two separate incidents: one occurred recently and included a person who was caught in the act, while the other occurred a year ago and involved a person who actually drove away with the whalebone.
In all instances, law enforcement officers have stated that beachcombers are prohibited from taking whalebones, which might have resulted in disciplinary action. According to a police report, on August 27, West Tisbury Police were summoned to the Long Point Wildlife Refuge to investigate “someone attempting to take a big whalebone.” Officer Phil Hollinger talked to Andrea Plotkin, a homeowner on Waldren’s Bottom Road, who stated that someone was following her about with the intent to steal her whalebone.
Beachgoers were informed by a tag attached to the whalebone that it originated from a North Atlantic right whale. Plotkin referred to it as something that was “very amazing.” The woman’s son, Jared, and the woman he is engaged to informed police that a young guy approached the bone and took a tarp and rope out of his rucksack as he did so.
- After questioning the young guy and advising him to cease what he was doing, Jared reported his conversation to his mother.
- After that, the young man wandered out into the dunes, past a no-entry sign indicating a bird nesting location, and sat down while observing Jared and his fiancée.
- When Plotkin arrived, she saw this behavior already in progress.
“As we’re packing up, he starts to go,” she added, explaining how he was walking away from the beach across the dunes. “As we’re packing up, he starts to leave.” When she and her family reached their vehicles, she turned around and peered out at the dunes from a different vantage point.
- She spotted a young man hunched down in the sand, wearing a burgundy shirt and blue pants, she said.
- She felt the need to contact the authorities at that point since it appeared to be too suspicious.
- According to the investigation, after meeting with Plotkin, Hollinger next spoke with Trustees ranger Ryan Gonsalves, who provided him with information that was quite similar to what Plotkin had told him.
When Hollinger and Gonsalves were on their way to the whalebone in a Trustees UTV, they saw a British national who was 22 years old and standing once more next to the whalebone with his tarp and rope. “He ceased working with his ropes as soon as he realized there was a law enforcement officer present in the car occupied by the trustees.
- I wanted to know what he planned to do with the bone, so I questioned him “according to the report.
- “He said that he had no intention of stealing it and was only trying to relocate it further down the beach onto his land.
- He stated that geology and biology were areas that piqued his interest, and he intended to learn more about them.” Hollinger explained to the young guy that the Trustees had hauled it away from the coastline so that anyone passing by might see it, and that the young man “had no right to decide it was his.” Hollinger stated that the young guy was “extremely sorry” and “did not attempt to lie about his intentions.” The young man then swiftly packed up the ropes and tarp and walked away from the scene.
According to Sgt. Garrison Vieira, who arrived on the scene after Hollinger, the young man did not stand a hope of moving the whalebone since it was too huge for just one person to carry. In a telephone chat with The Times, a woman who introduced herself as the young British man’s mother characterized herself as a summer resident, and her son as an environmental geologist.
Both of them were from the United Kingdom. She did not provide her name, but she did say that they had discovered the whalebone on the shore and were hoping to salvage it. “We believed it may just dissolve on the sand,” she added. “We were hoping that would happen.” “There are a number of folks who have smaller whalebones in their gardens, and we see them frequently.
This bone was beautiful to look at, but it was impossible to carry.” The mother of the young guy reported that she went back to the location of the whalebone two days after her son had an incident with the police, but she found that it had been removed.
- She exclaimed that she was “extremely thrilled” when she found out that the Trustees had relocated it to another part of the preserve for the possibility of it being used as an instructional model, and she thought that the Martha’s Vineyard Museum might be a fine final destination for it.
- The young man was not the subject of any criminal accusations.
Having said so, a report of the occurrence was submitted to the Environmental Police. Chris Kennedy, the manager of stewardship for the Trustees of Reservations Vineyard, said to The Times that the bone found on Long Point was a form of transition vertebra that a North Atlantic right whale would have had between its head and its spine.
- In contrast to the skull on Cape Pogue, for which the Trustees pursued and obtained a permission, the Trustees decided to give the whalebone to the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) on the Cape instead of keeping it for themselves.
- It has not yet been gathered by IFAW.
- Penalties are possible There are some ornamental items and personal items, such as knife handles and watch dials, that can be fashioned out of whalebone, but only with the appropriate authorization.
Some people put it in their gardens to serve as an adornment. According to Michael Moore, a senior scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, “It is against the law to harvest it off of a beach in the United States.” As a result of Moore’s employment with the NOAA Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program, he has access to a significant number of whale skeletons and bodies.
- “On the shore, I unearthed an old whalebone.
- What would you say its value is? “This question is posed in a section of the website for the Bone Room, which is a natural history store located in Los Alamitos, California.
- “In point of fact, we do not see any commercial value in whalebones.
- And it might cost you a big fine or perhaps time in jail if you’re caught.
This is due to the fact that the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 safeguards the majority of marine mammals, which includes whales and seals among others. This statute, much like the Migratory Bird Act, makes it illegal to buy, sell, or even possess marine animals, either in their entirety or in part.” According to Tony LaCasse, a spokesman for the New England Aquarium, it has been confirmed that the Marine Animal Protection Act, the Endangered Species Act, and CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) all have an impact on the process of selling and transporting whalebones.
- An official from the NOAA said to The Times that the potential punishments for anyone who are found stealing whalebone from a beach, particularly bone from an Atlantic right whale, might vary widely based on the severity of the offense and the surrounding circumstances.
- “our office of law enforcement investigates the facts of each situation and evaluates whether a warning, summary settlement, or referral to NOAA’s general counsel enforcement section is warranted,” Jennifer S.
Goebel, a NOAA public affairs officer, wrote in an email. “our office of law enforcement investigates each situation to determine whether a warning, summary settlement, or referral to NOAA’s general counsel enforcement section is warranted.” Individuals and groups can apply for authorization under federal law to obtain parts from marine animals that are either endangered or threatened with extinction.
- In most cases, the permit is intended for educational programs or museums.
- Kennedy stated that it is against NOAA policy to take any portion of a marine animal that has passed away.
- It is not worth the trouble that you will get yourself into, so don’t do it.
- People are not deterred by this fact.
- An Edgartown resident loaded up a length of jawbone from an Atlantic right whale into the back of his pickup truck and took off with it in November of last year on Norton Point.
He said it was a large surfboard. Kennedy said that this behavior was captured on camera. Officers with the Massachusetts Environmental Police were able to follow the guy to his home in Edgartown by analyzing a portion of the picture of his license plate.
- Once there, they discovered the jawbone hanging against the wall of an outdoor shower.
- Kennedy stated that the guy was issued a warning by the Environmental Police because they honestly believed he was unaware of the laws governing marine mammals.
- However, they did take back the bone that had been taken from the animal.
When told about the incident, LaCasse said that the individual had “really good luck” that the Environmental Police came to his home rather than NOAA law enforcement personnel, who have a reputation for being far less forgiving. The North Atlantic right whale is one of the top three whale species that are in risk of extinction all around the world.
Why is it called scrimshaw?
Walrus tusks carved to portray a man and a woman, together with their history and the materials they were carved from. Around the year 1900 in Rhode Island or Connecticut Scrimshaw is thought to have originated from the tradition of seamen on whaling ships producing ordinary tools using the leftovers of whales, which were freely accessible.
- The name initially referred to the process of creating these instruments, and it wasn’t until much later that it came to be used to describe the works of art that whalers made in their leisure time.
- Bone from whales was readily available and simple to work with, making it the material of choice for this endeavor.
After the publishing of the journal of U. in 1815, it became feasible for scrimshaw to be carved on a more broad scale. As a result of U.S. Navy Captain David Porter exposing the market as well as the source of the whale teeth, there was a glut of whale teeth, which resulted in a significant decrease in the value of the whale teeth and made them available as a material for regular seamen.
- The oldest documented pictorial work of sperm whale scrimshaw dates back to around this time (1817).
- The following inscription was carved into the ivories of the tooth: “This is the tooth of a sperm whale that was caught near the Galápagos Islands by the crew of the ship Adam, and made 100 barrels of oil in the year 1817.” Other types of marine ivories were also substituted for whale teeth when they were unavailable.
For example, walrus tusks may have been obtained from native people who hunted for walruses and then traded them. Scrimshawing was more of a hobby or pastime for whalers than anything else. It was impossible for whalers to operate during the night since even under ideal conditions, the job of hunting whales was very hazardous.
- Because of this, they had a significantly increased amount of spare time in comparison to the other sailors.
- There is a vast deal of scrimshaw that is unsigned, as the artist often did not bother to sign their work.
- The first scrimshaw was done with primitive sailing needles, and the movement of the ship, along with the artist’s talent, resulted in drawings with varied levels of intricacy and creativity.
In the past, the engraved pattern would have been made visible by using candle black, soot, or tobacco juice. Additionally, the sailors would bring ink with them before setting sail for the journey. The dentistry business is a major source of inspiration for today’s artists, who utilize ever finer instruments in a wider range of sizes.
- Some scrimshanders use more than one color of ink while creating their works, and restrained polychromed examples of this art are becoming increasingly popular.
- Scrimshaw is an art form that originated in a time when sperm whales were initially abundant but have since been hunted to the point that their population is on the verge of extinction.
Today, scrimshaw is not an art form that utilizes an easily renewable animal resource but rather one that is vulnerable to being counterfeited. The Endangered Species Act and other international accords have placed restrictions on the harvesting and selling of ivory in an effort to increase the population of animals that can be hunted for their ivory.
- Poachers in Africa and other continents where elephants are a species in danger of extinction continue to murder for their ivory, despite the fact that there are sources of ivory that are sanctioned and lawful. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species has had regulations in place for the trade of elephant ivory since 1976, and it has made it illegal to sell ivory from African elephants since 1989.
- Legal scrimshaw includes examples from the 19th and 20th centuries, as well as those made before 1989 (for elephant ivory) or before 1973 (for ivory from sperm whales, walruses, and other animals). After that year, importing it for commercial purposes into the United States will be illegal.S. in accordance with the Marine Mammal Protection Act.
- In addition, walrus tusks that have an Alaska State walrus ivory registration tag attached to them, as well as post-law walrus ivory that has been carved or scrimshawed by a native Alaskan, are both lawfully accessible for purchase.
- In conclusion, under federal law, the sale or ownership of any ivory that is regarded to be ancient, such as mammoth ivory that is 10,000 to 40,000 years old or fossilized walrus ivory, is not subject to any restrictions.
Scrimshanders and collectors purchase whale teeth and marine tusks from lawful sources such as estate sales, auctions, and antique merchants. Collectors and artists should verify the origin of the ivory they purchase and only do business with other dealers that have a solid reputation in the industry.
- The limited channels through which collectible scrimshaw passes serves as a check on shady individuals, so it is very difficult to resell scrimshaw that has been found to have been obtained through unethical means.
- Scrimshaw that has been found to have been obtained through unethical means can be seized by customs officials anywhere in the world.
As is the case with other types of fine art as well, it is typically possible for knowledgeable museums, auction houses, or other types of specialists to identify a forgery. It is also possible for the scrimshander to hand carve three-dimensional objects using the scrimshaw technique.
What did the sailors use to draw scrimshaw?
The art form known as scrimshaw was particularly well-liked by seafarers throughout the 1800s. The art of scrimshaw was originally developed by sailors who would carve or engrave intricate designs onto bone or ivory. The majority of the time, the bones or teeth of sperm whales were utilized as a source of material.
Where can I sell scrimshaw?
Step 3: If the piece’s provenance or the previous search results have led you to assume that your scrimshaw is precious, was fashioned of whale ivory, or dates back to before 1910, you should seek the advice of an expert in American art. It is required that you have your scrimshaw authenticated by a reputable art auction house if you intend to sell it.