Diaspora Communities Resulting from the Movement of Merchants Throughout the Indian Ocean Network These diaspora communities resulted from the movement of merchants across the Indian Ocean network (communities of immigrants living away from their homeland).
- Through these communities of diaspora, merchants brought their cultural practices to the indigenous civilizations of the area they traded in.
- In many cases, indigenous rituals and traditions from other cultures coexisted in an atmosphere of relative harmony, and local populations occasionally embraced new practices and beliefs brought with them by the merchant diaspora.
There has been a consistent pattern throughout history of diaspora populations being the agents of change. For example, the Turks are credited for reshaping the Islamic world in the Middle East, while the Chinese diaspora is credited with spreading Confucian principles throughout East and Southeast Asia.
- 1 How did trade in the Indian Ocean in the period 1200 1450 lead to cultural change?
- 2 How did the Indian Ocean trade affect the environment?
- 3 How did trade affect the culture of East African city-states?
- 4 How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa?
How did trade in the Indian Ocean in the period 1200 1450 lead to cultural change?
Indian Ocean trade networks disseminated religion and many parts of culture throughout the region by enabling them to go along with traders to their respective destinations. This resulted in the spread of culture throughout the region. As a result of this, Indonesia developed into a nation that is predominately Islamic, whilst other regions got enamored with Buddhism, which had its roots in India.
How did the Indian Ocean trade lead to political change?
Trade sparked political change as ambitious rulers used the wealth derived from commerce to build larger and more centrally governed states or cities; it also ushered in cultural change as local people became attracted to the religious ideas of other cultures, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, or Islam, which originated in foreign sources.
What cultures spread on Indian Ocean?
Indian Ocean Trade During the Classical Era The Achaemenid Empire in Persia (550–330 BCE), the Mauryan Empire in India (324–185 BCE), the Han Dynasty in China (202 BCE–220 CE), and the Roman Empire in the Mediterranean all participated in the Indian Ocean trade during the classical period, which lasted from the fourth century BCE to the third century CE.
- Silk from China was used to adorn Roman aristocracy, Roman coins were found in Indian coffers, and diamonds from Persia shone brightly in settings designed by the Mauryans.
- Along the ancient commercial routes that spanned the Indian Ocean, another significant commodity that was traded was religious ideas.
Merchants, not missionaries, were responsible for bringing Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism from India to Southeast Asia. These religions originated in India. Later, beginning in the 700s CE, Islam would expand using the same method.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect the environment?
The European colonial exploitation of Indian Ocean resources resulted in the first unequivocal evidence of the degradation of both the terrestrial and marine ecosystems as a result of human activity. This is an example of the environmental effect of human activity.
The clearing of land for agriculture and the mining of guano have all contributed to the degradation of terrestrial ecosystems. The removal of vegetation and scraping of the land surface during the process of guano mining has led to the extinction of a significant portion of the native flora and fauna.
Additionally, hunting and the introduction of species not native to the area have disrupted the ecological balance that was once present. The ocean’s ecosystem has only recently been vulnerable to the effects of human activity. As a result of rising urbanization and industry along the coast, there has been an accumulation of a significant amount of residential and industrial trash in the waterways immediately next to the shoreline.
The symptoms of this ailment have been most pronounced in India, which is the nation with the most people in the region. Another cause for worry is the movement of substantial volumes of crude oil over the ocean and the waters that are next to it that are semi-enclosed. Both phytoplankton and zooplankton, which are essential components of the food chain for commercial fisheries, have been negatively impacted by oil spills that have occurred as a result of typical tanker operations as well as occasional large-scale tanker catastrophes.
The Arabian Sea, the approaches to the Strait of Malacca, and the East African coast are all examples of places where substantial phytoplankton production and the risk of oil contamination coexist. The rise in sea level, which has been ascribed to climate change and which threatens low-lying coastal regions and islands like the Maldives, is another issue that has become a source of worry in recent years.
What were two cultural effects of trade in India?
The cultural effects of trade networks are due to the fact that as traders went from one part of the world to another, they took their customs with them. Religion stands out as the most evident of these. During this time period, the influence of three primary faiths was widespread.
- The expansion of Buddhism over East and Southeast Asia, Hinduism across Southeast Asia, and Islam across sub-Saharan Africa and Asia may be traced back to the same time period.
- Let’s look at some instances! Because of their trading with China and India, Japan developed a form of Buddhism that is now known as Zen Buddhism.
This form of Buddhism combined their ancient Shinto practices with Buddhist ones. Travelers played a significant role in the dissemination of Buddhism across East Asia. One such traveler was Xuanzang, a Chinese Buddhist monk who served as live proof of Buddhism’s expansion throughout East Asia.
- In addition to being a legendary traveler who documented his experiences in writing, Xuanzang was also instrumental in the propagation of Buddhism across the regions he visited (sort of similar to Paul who spread Christianity throughout Europe).
- In addition, during this time period in China, Neo-Confucianism began to grow as a counter to Buddhism that was prevalent at the time.
Buddhism had amassed a significant amount of authority in China (particularly during the Tang Dynasty), and Confucianists desired to reinstate Confucianism as the dominant ideology of the country. As a result, they modified Confucianism so that it resembled aspects of Buddhist thought.
- Voila! In China, neo-Confucianism was at the height of its popularity.
- This goes to demonstrate how a religion that is not indigenous to China might expand throughout the country and have such a strong hold.
- Along with Buddhism, Hinduism spread farther and further over Southeastern Asia.
- Angkor Wat, located in what is now Cambodia, is an excellent illustration of this concept.
If you haven’t already, I highly recommend doing some research on Angkor Wat because it is a stunning Hindu temple located in Cambodia. But there is little doubt that India is where the religion of Hinduism got its birth, not Cambodia. You are probably wondering how it got to be there.
- Simple. Look at Cambodia on a map.
- It fits in rather nicely with the trading network of the Indian Ocean.
- Angkor Wat.
- Image Provided by audleytravel.com (Courtesy of) The religion of Islam also continues to grow throughout Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
- Since Muhammad was a merchant in his own right, the Islamic caliphate, in contrast to many other empires that existed at the time, actively fostered commerce.
Because of this, the practice of Islam started to become much more widespread. Beautiful mosques constructed of adobe like the Great Mosque of Djenne began to arise across Africa about the same time as Islam rose to prominence as a political force in many of the continent’s governments (see Mansa Musa).
How did culture change due to connections on trade routes?
What kinds of cultural shifts occurred as a result of contacts made along trade routes? The new type of Buddhism known as Zen originated in China and then expanded to the countries of Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. The spread of Islam in East Africa led to the mingling of Arabic and Bantu languages, which resulted in the birth of Swahili.
What was one significant effect of the Indian Ocean trade shown on the right side of the map?
Question: 35 Approximately around the fourteenth century CE, a trade map of Africa. What was one important consequence of the commerce that took place in the Indian Ocean, as seen on the east side of the map? A. The movement of significant numbers of Africans to southern Asia B.
- The creation of the Swahili language C.
- The adoption of Christianity in the majority of the coastal regions of eastern Africa D.
- The importation of gold from Arabia The correct response is B.
- Explanation: Arabic was brought to the east coast of Africa by Muslim merchants who traveled from the Middle East and southern Asia.
These traders carried the Arabic language with them. As a result of the fact that Swahili is a fusion of Arabic and the native Bantu languages of Africa, the correct answer is option (B).
How did trade affect the culture of East African city-states?
Because of trade, several cultural influences, including Arab, African, and Muslim, merged together along the coast of East Africa. Then, “Muslim Arabs and Persians migrated in Africa’s coastal city-states” (291) and married the indigenous Africans, which led to later cultural and social influences there: -the architecture of the area, which was later adapted by indigenous Africans -the language of Sahili.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect East Africa?
As a result of the growth of regional commerce that followed the spread of Islam, East Africa eventually became a member of the trading network that centered on the Indian Ocean. The establishment of commercial ports along the coast coincided with the migration of Muslims into the coastal cities.