Basic elements needed to reference a book
- Author (Surname Initial/s)
- Year of publication.
- Edition (other than the first edition)
- Place of Publication.
- 1 What should a book reference look like?
- 2 How do you cite an online book?
- 3 How do you cite an edition of a book in APA?
How do you Harvard reference a PDF book?
General citation structure – The in-text citations remain the same for most PDFs, as the in-text reference generally uses the author name (or company name) and year of publication. In-text citation template: (Author Surname, Publication Year) Example: (Mukherjee, 2015) Reference list template: Author Surname, Initial(s)./Company Name (Publication year) Title.
How do you Harvard reference a book and website?
Published on 19 May 2020 by Jack Caulfield, Revised on 7 November 2022. To reference a website in Harvard style, include the name of the author or organization, the year of publication, the title of the page, the URL, and the date on which you accessed the website.
What should a book reference look like?
Basic book citation format – The in-text citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year, and (if relevant) a page number. In the reference list, start with the author’s last name and initials, followed by the year. The book title is written in sentence case (only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns ).
|APA format||Last name, Initials, ( Year ). Book title ( Editor/translator initials, Last name, Ed. or Trans.) ( Edition ). Publisher,|
|APA reference entry||Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism, Verso.|
|APA in-text citation||(Anderson, 1983, p.23)|
How do you reference the name of a book in a sentence?
The title of source is the second core element in the Works Cited entry. In general, the title of a work is taken from the title page of the publication.
List the full title as it is written on the source. Exceptions to this rule are for standardization of capitalization and subtitle punctuation.
Capitalize all principal words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.). Do not capitalize articles, prepositions, or conjunctions when they fall in the middle of a title. Separate a subtitle with a colon and a space.
Italicize titles if the source is self-contained and independent. Titles of books, plays, films, periodicals, databases, and websites are italicized. Place titles in quotation marks if the source is part of a larger work. Articles, essays, chapters, poems, webpages, songs, and speeches are placed in quotation marks.
If the title mentioned is usually indicated by italics, use italics for the title within the title. Examples of these titles are films, novels, entire books, journals, and entire websites.
Example of a journal article title which includes the title of a book: “Unbearable Weight of Authenticity: Zora Neale Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God and Theory of ‘Touristic Reading’.”
If the title mentioned is usually indicated by double quotation marks, enclose the title in single quotations marks. Examples of these titles are poems, short stories, book chapters, and journal articles.
Example of a journal article title which includes the title of a short story: “Individualism in O’Connor’s ‘A Good Man is Hard to Find’.”
Books : Danticat, Edwidge. Brother, I’m Dying. Knopf, 2007. Chapter title in a book or anthology : Howard, Rebecca Moore. “Avoiding Sentence Fragments.” Writing Matters: A Handbook for Writing and Research, 2nd ed., McGraw Hill, 2014, pp.600-10. Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers: Houtman, Eveline. “Mind-Blowing: Fostering Self-Regulated Learning in Information Literacy Instruction.” Communications in Information Literacy, vol.9, no.1, 2015, pp.6-18.
How do you cite an online book?
Online Books (books with URLs or DOIs, accessed on the web) –
Author (Last name, first name). Title of Book, Edition (if available), Publisher (if available), Year of online publication. Name of Website or Database, URL ( without the http:// or https://) or DOI number.
For most online books, you do not need to include an access date at the end of the citation, but you may wish to include an access date if you think the online book URL may not be stable or if you suspect the online book may be changed in the future.
Do you have to reference when writing a book?
Answers to Writing Questions – Research – Gotham Writers Workshop The rules of citation that apply to academic and research papers don’t apply to novels. You don’t need to include a bibliography, and footnotes aren’t necessary unless you’re using them for some literary purpose, à la David Foster Wallace.
However, it is important to acknowledge the sources you relied on for research. Novel writers do that in their acknowledgements, a notation that appears in many novels, either in the front matter or at the end of the book. The acknowledgements section is an opportunity to thank those people and organizations that helped make the book possible, like agents, editors, granting institutions, and family members.
Great sources of research fall in this category, too. You don’t have to name each and every source, though. For The Shipping News, Annie Proulx consulted hundreds of sources and singled out only the ones she found most instrumental. In her acknowledgements, she cites books like Clifford W.
- Ashley’s The Ashley Book of Knots, which provided inspiration, and S.A.
- Gordon’s Folk Music in a Newfoundland Outport, for “contain information difficult to discover elsewhere.” Research isn’t just confined to books, of course.
- One of Proulx’s most exuberant acknowledgements goes to Bella Hodge, “who suffered dog bite on my account and showed me the delights of Newfoundland home cooking.” If you’re quoting directly from previously published material, like a book or a song lyric, you need to secure permission to do so.
(Consult a lawyer familiar with these sorts of permissions. The laws vary by medium and are open to interpretation.) The citations for these permissions usually appear on the copyright page of the book. : Answers to Writing Questions – Research – Gotham Writers Workshop
Do books need references?
If you’re writing a nonfiction book, you need one. – When writing your nonfiction book, don’t consider it finished and ready for print until you put together your reference page. While it is not 100% required, it is best practice to cite your sources and it also lends additional credibility to you and your book as a whole.
It’s a page typically at the end of your book where you do bibliography/works cited on all studies, people, books, etc. that you reference throughout your manuscript. Because why not? You are referencing studies, people, books, events, articles, and more already throughout your manuscript to add proof and credibility to your topic.
A reference page is just one step further, showing where you found that information and the sources you used, which further solidifies your credibility as an expert and provide proof of your knowledge and conclusions. Use something like the APA Style for references — found here for citing books: http://www.easybib.com/reference/guide/apa/book, It may seem daunting at first, but the easiest way I have found to do this is to create a “References” page at the end of your work-in-progress manuscript and then every time you mention someone’s name, use someone’s work/book/article/study as an example, or even research something for the book and use a concept or point from that person, just throw the link onto the “Reference” page at the end of the document.
Holocaust’s Child book by W.R. Blocher and
How do you mention a book in an essay?
Essay Writing Essentials – English Program – CSU Channel Islands
- FORMAT: Type papers with a 12 pt. font, double-space, number pages, and proofread carefully; correctness counts.
- While you are encouraged to use your natural voice, avoid highly colloquial usage, such as “The ending blew my mind” or “Her awesome sense of humorâ?¦” Avoid passive construction, such as “irony can be seen inâ?¦” or “a definite freedom was evidenced inâ?¦,” which makes writing feel stiff and pompous. Instead, write, “the reference to her brother’s saintliness is ironic” or “the seemingly random association of images suggests freedom.”
- The convention in writing about literature is to discuss actions from a work in present tense, as if they were happening right now: “Joyce creates a melancholic mood with images of night and isolation.” Or, “When Marlow first sees Kurtz, heâ?¦.”
- Use transitional words or phrases to connect parts of your argument (e.g., therefore, furthermore, nevertheless, consequently, however, similarly, by contrast, rather, instead, as a result, on the other hand, for example, etc.). These are SIGNPOSTS that help the reader follow the thread of your argument. Remember, these words can begin a sentence or can connect two independent clauses using the following punctuation: “Woolf’s writing can be highly sarcastic and playful; however, in To The Lighthouse, the tone is somber and elegiac.” Instead of “So” or “Also,” use more formal phrases: “It is clear, then, that Marlow lies to himself on at least one occasion”; “This passage confirms that Marlow isn’t honest with himself.”
- Introduce the text you’re writing about in the beginning of your essay by mentioning the author’s full name and the complete title of the work. Titles of books should be underlined or put in italics, (Titles of stories, essays and poems are in “quotation marks.”) Refer to the text specifically as a novel, story, essay, memoir, or poem, depending on what it is.
- In subsequent references to the author, use his or her last name. If the title is very long and you are making numerous references to it, you can refer to it by a shortened version.i.e., “A Perfect Day For Banana Fish” can become “Banana Fish.”
- Don’t begin by quoting the assignment sheet or indicating which topic you’re writing about. Your essay should stand alone, quite independent of the assignment sheet.
- Don’t begin with vast generalizations like “Within every human being there are unique thoughts and feelings that no other person has ever experienced before.” Or, “Color symbolism is found in all great pieces of literature.” These “from the dawn of time” statements point to a lack of focus or (public enemy number one) a vague thesis.
- In most cases, it’s best to state your main idea – your thesis – in the first or second paragraph, so that your reader knows right away what it is that you’re going to argue.
- BUILDING AN ARGUMENT:
- Don’t evaluate the quality of the writing (“Faulkner’s use of symbolism, narration, word choice, and characterization made this a powerful novel.”); analyze and interpret instead. You’re not writing a review, where evaluation is appropriate; you’re writing criticism (which isn’t necessarily critical, but analytic). Avoid comments such as “I likedâ?¦” or “I was confused byâ?¦.” Don’t refer to your own process of investigation. Instead of writing “I couldn’t find a beginning, climax, end in â??The Mark On The Wall,'” (which tells your readers about you instead of the text), you might write “‘The Mark On The Wall’ dispenses with the traditional beginning-climax-end story structure.”
- Avoid plot summary at all costs !! It’s sometimes hard to resist the desire to rehash a novel’s plot. However, remember, in academic writing it is assumed that your audience is familiar with the text. Make sure you’re writing an argument, not simply a plot summary.
- Evidence. Evidence. Evidence, It’s fine to make a point, such as “the first memoir seems rambling and aimless, while the second is tightly structured.” But then you must provide examples that support your points. Continue on with, “For example, in â??Reminiscences’, Woolf discusses her mother in several places, sometimes repeating herself, sometimes contradicting her previous statements. Twice Woolf tells us that her motherâ?¦.”
- Determine what the text says. Don’t read your own assumptions into the text, as in: “The speaker must be a man because women wouldn’t act so insensitively.” Instead, you might say, “The speaker seems to be male because the cursing and the news of the war was more likely the province of men during the early 20 th Century.” Instead of a statement such as, “The author shows the pride Americans feel in their freedom,” you can more accurately say, “The author is writing about Americans who are proud of their freedom.”
- The paper should discuss your observations about the text. You may want to consider the following, which is by no means a complete description of either the elements of style or their definitions. Not all of these will be appropriate for every discussion. But having thought about these elements, you should be able to draw conclusions (create an argument, an interpretation) about the overall significance of the text as you understand it.
- style – is it formal? journalistic? colloquial, stream of consciousness, etc.?
- voice – written in first, second or third person (and why)
- imagery – what metaphors and similes are used?
- tone – humorous, intimate, sarcastic, conversational, etc.?
- mood – melancholic, ecstatic, hyper, suspenseful?
- language – poetic? lyrical? scientific? pseudo-scientific?
- structure – is it loose and rambling? Tightly structured? Is there a climax and denouement? How are the parts of the story connected?
- plot and character development – what do we know of the “story” and of the characters?
- symbolism – sometimes a cigar is only a cigar, and sometimes not.
- point of view – how do different characters see things? What’s the author’s view?
- setting – is place important? How is it described? What role does it play?
- Use quotations to support your argument or interpretation. (Note that writers make statements, not quotes ; something isn’t a “quote” until you’ve copied it out, so you never say, “The author quotes.” Instead you say, “The author says.” or “the author writesâ?¦”
- Don’t expect quotations to make your point for you. Rather, use your own language to make your argument; use the quote as evidence that will support what you have to say. Before or after the quote, connect it to your argument using your own words: eg., As Gilbert and Gubar argue in The Madwoman in the Attic,
- Don’t incorporate the page number of a quotation as part of your sentence: “On page 116 the author makes reference.” because you don’t want the page number to be the emphasis of the sentence. Write, rather, “The author makes reference to.”
- If everyone is writing on the same text, cite the passage you want to quote by giving the page number in parentheses after it: “She told Christmas about the graves” (248). Note where the period is.
- The MLA rules (used in most literary criticism) on quotation marks are these:
- If you use more than three exact words from your source, you must put them in quotation marks.
- If, within those quotation marks, you must use other quotation marks to indicate direct speech, the author’s own quoting, or to refer to the title of the story, use single quotation marks: “For example, in â??Reminiscences’, Woolf discusses her mother in several places.”
- If you add words to a quotation, put brackets around them; if you omit words, use ellipses to indicate them. Example: Brunvand states: “some individuals make a point of learning everyâ?¦tale” (78).
- Periods and commas go inside quotation marks; semicolons and colons go outside.
- If your quotation is more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, you set it apart from the flow of the text by indenting it ten spaces on the left and continue double spacing. Note: when indenting a quote, you do not need quotation marks around the blocked quotation. Use “double quotation marks” within the blocked quotation for direct speech or a title. Here’s an example from Adrienne Rich’s “Sources.”
- The faithful drudging child
- the child at the oak desk whose penmanship,
- hard work, style will win her prizes
- becomes a woman with a mission, not to win prizes
- but to change the laws of history. (23)
- If you’re using several texts, then footnote the quotation, providing the name of the author, title of the book, publishing information, and page number.
- In APA style, provide the author’s last name, the year of publication and page (line in case of verse) numbers in the text, parenthetically, and include a complete reference in the WORKS CITED list at the end. Punctuation comes after the citation. Example: “Is it possible that dreams may express “profound aspects of personality” (Foulkes, 1999, 184)?
- CONCLUSIONS: Conclusions should stress the importance of the thesis, give the essay a sense of completeness, and leave a final impression on the reader. An effective conclusion might answer the question “So what?” It might synthesize (not summarize) the points. Or it might echo the introduction, underscoring the larger significance of your thesis (now that we understand its complexity).
Most important: If you know all this, great. If it seems overwhelming, don’t despair. You don’t have to write papers alone. The Writing Center is open from morning to evening with tutors trained to help you compose and edit. (x-8409) Bell Tower 1512. : Essay Writing Essentials – English Program – CSU Channel Islands
How do you quote from a book in an essay?
Whenever you include someone else’s words or ideas in your paper, you must give them credit both on the Works Cited (MLA) or References (APA) page at the end of your paper, and right next to the quote (in-text citation). An exact quote should be in quotation marks (” “), or if the quotation is 40 words or more, should be formatted as a block quotation.
- Then you put an In-Text Citation right after the quotation to show where the quote came from.
- It is short, goes in parenthesis, includes the page number, and points to the full citation on your reference page.
- Examples: MLA – an in-text citation is placed after the closing quotation mark, consisting of the author’s last name and page number: “MLA is a fabulous style” (Johnson 37) APA – an in-text citation is placed after the closing quotation mark, but also includes the publication date and is formatted differently, with commas and p.
before the page number: “Berkeley College librarians are very helpful with APA style” (Rios, 2015, p.15)* * some electronic resources may not have the page # The author in the parenthesis should match the beginning of your full reference. For sources where there is no author, the title is moved to the first position in your list of citations.
- Therefore use the title, or a shortened version of it, for your in-text citation, followed by the page # (in MLA), or date, p.
- In APA).
- For both, put the title in italics for works that stand alone, like books or movies ( Title of Source ), and in quotation marks for works that are part of a greater whole, like journal articles, book chapters, reports, web pages (“Title of Document”).
More on MLA citations from the CAS : http://berkeleycollege.libguides.com/writing/MLA More on APA citations from the CAS : http://berkeleycollege.libguides.com/APA
How do you reference a book in APA?
Reference format for print books Author, Initial. (Year). Book title. City of publication, Country/State: Publisher.
How do you cite an edition of a book in APA?
Which edition of a book should you cite? By Date created: February 8, 2021 2 min read Cite this McAdoo, T. (2021, February 8). Which edition of a book should you cite? APA Style, https://apastyle.apa.org/blog/book-editions Sometimes students notice that a newer version of the book they need to cite has been published, which raises some questions. Namely,
If the book I’m quoting has multiple editions, which one should I cite? Do I have to find and cite the latest edition? Should I include references for both/all editions that I’ve found?
Whether quoting or paraphrasing, include a reference list entry for only the edition of the book that you’ve actually used. Don’t update the entry to look like you’ve used the latest edition because you can’t be sure, without seeing that edition, whether your quotation or paraphrase is correct.
Just cite what you see—the edition of the book that you have in front of you. However, depending on what you’re writing and why you’re citing the book, you might decide that it is important to find and read the latest edition. If you quote or paraphrase from that edition, then you’ll need a reference list entry for only that edition of the book.
You don’t need to cite the earlier edition(s) if you are not paraphrasing or quoting from them. So, in most cases, you’ll need only one reference list entry: one for the book edition from which you’re quoting or paraphrasing. In rare cases, you might include multiple reference list entries—one for each edition that you discuss in your work.
This might happen, for example, if you are writing a review of a book that compares the latest edition with its previous edition. In the reference list entry, the edition number is placed in parentheses after the title (but before the period at the end of the title element). Because it is not part of the title, the edition information is not italicized.
: Which edition of a book should you cite?