1 Mar 2016

Map of the Atlantic Ocean - Different Types of Maps

Atlantic Ocean Map

Atlantic Ocean Maps

Here are some maps of the Atlantic Ocean for you to better understand the geography of the ocean. These maps will help you to gain detailed knowledge.

The maps listed below are:-

North Atlantic Ocean Map

South Atlantic Map

Atlantic Currents Map

Name of the Ocean: Atlantic
Area: 106,400,000 square km (41,100,000 sq mi) with dependent seas/ 31,830,000 square miles (82,440,000 square km) without the dependents.
Percentage of Earth’s Surface Area: about 20 %
Neighboring Oceans: Arctic (North), Indian, Antarctic and Pacific (South).
Neighboring Continents: North America (North East), South America (South East), Europe (North West) and Africa (South West).

North Atlantic Ocean Map

North Atlantic Ocean Map
North Atlantic Ocean Map Image: Google Maps
The Northern part of the Atlantic Ocean is more commercially active than the southern part. North Atlantic Ocean divides two most economically advanced regions of the earth- Europe and North America. Billions of dollars of trade is going on using the sea routes of the ocean.

The equator is the dividing line between the north and south Atlantic. So, along with North America and Europe, northern part of Africa and South America continent also touch the North Atlantic.

Countries Bordering the North Atlantic Ocean

Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal.

Note: These countries are well developed with high standard of living and stable governments.

Africa: Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon.

Note: These African countries are poor with low standard of life for the citizens with frequent social and armed unrest and rampant corruption.

North America: United States, Canada, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Bahamas, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

Note: Countries listed from Cuba to Saint Kitts and Nevis are called Caribbean countries. They are all small island nations. All these countries are relatively under developed.

Note: Countries listed from Mexico to Panama are called Central American countries. These countries are not that developed like USA or Canada.

USA and Canada have coastlines with both the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean. 

Most of the Central American countries are connected with both the Atlantic (via Caribbean Sea) and Pacific Ocean.
South America: Colombia, Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guinea.

Note: Although these countries are more advanced than the African ones, these countries are not regarded as developed nations.

Note:  Colombia is the only South American country with coastline in both the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean.

Marginal Seas of the North Atlantic

North American Coast: Hudson Bay, Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Bay of Fundy, Baffin Bay, Northwestern Passage, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea.

Europe: Norwegian Sea, North Sea, English Channel, Celtic Sea, Bay of Biscay.
Note: Although connected the Mediterranean Sea and Baltic Sea are generally not considered as a part of the Atlantic Ocean.

Africa: Gulf of Guinea.

South America: Gulf of Venezuela.

Major Rivers

Europe: Thames, Seine, Loire, Garonne, Shannon, Rhine, Elbe, Tagus etc.
Africa: Niger, Senegal, Dra, Gambia, Konkour etc.

North America: Saint Lawrence, Churchill, Mississippi Missouri, Brazos, Rio Grande, etc

South America: Magdalena, Orinoco, Amazon, Essequibo, etc.

South Atlantic Map

Map of South Atlantic Ocean
Map of the South Atlantic Ocean

South Atlantic Ocean separates South America from South Western Africa. These areas are relatively underdeveloped. There is also less commercial activities in the southern part of the Atlantic than the Northern part.

The equator is the northern limit of the South Atlantic. The South Atlantic Ocean meets with the Southern or Antarctic Ocean along the 60 degrees south latitude.

Countries Bordering the South Atlantic Ocean

Africa: Gabon, DR Congo, Republic of Congo, Angola, Namibia, South Africa.
South America: Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina.

Marginal Seas of the South Atlantic

Africa: False Bay
South America: Gulf of Sun Gorge, Argentine Sea, Strait of Magellan, etc.

Major Rivers

Africa: Congo or Zaire, Kunene, Orange.

South America: La Plata, Colorado, Negro.

Atlantic Ocean Currents Map

Atlantic Ocean Currents Map
Atlantic Ocean Currents

Ocean currents are constant flows of surface water of the oceans to a certain direction following a certain course. It is like huge rivers on the ocean surfaces. The major surface currents of the Atlantic Ocean are:

North Atlantic: Gulf Stream, Florida Current, Caribbean System, Azores C., North Atlantic Current, Labrador, Greenland C., Portugal C., Azores, Canary C., North Equatorial Current, etc.

 South Atlantic: South Equatorial Current, Brazil Current, Benguela C., Malvinas C., South Atlantic C. 

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